U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate Nitinol.
What is Nitinol?
Nitinol is a shape memory alloy, which is a special alloy that can automatically restore its own plastic deformation to the original shape at a certain temperature, and has good plasticity. In addition to its unique shape memory function, memory alloys also have excellent characteristics such as wear resistance, corrosion resistance, high damping and superelasticity.
Nickel-titanium alloy has a strong "memory", it can accurately restore its original shape with the change of temperature, use it to fill teeth, and even the frog holes that you have twisted around can be inlaid very tightly; use it to When connecting the pipes, it will be like the tight hoop on Sun Wukong's head, which can shrink automatically and is very firm.
Uses of Nitinol
The pipe joint device made of nickel-titanium alloy can automatically shrink when heated, so the pipe joint can connect the catheter very firmly. This kind of pipe joint is used in the system of naval ships and some chemical devices. Many countries use shape memory alloys to make self-fastening rivets to fasten the connection of some special parts such as aircraft and spacecraft. The United States also uses shape memory alloys to develop an antenna that opens automatically in a spacecraft. This antenna can be automatically folded and put into the spacecraft. As the flight altitude rises, the temperature rises under the sunlight, and the folded antenna will automatically open again.
Nitinol can also be used for the early alignment and leveling of patients' dentition. Due to the superelasticity and shape memory properties of the Nitinol archwire and the lower stress-strain curve, the Nitinol archwire is currently routinely included in the clinical practice. The arch wire of the orthodontic system.
Nickel-titanium push springs and tension springs are springs for orthodontics. They are super-elastic with nickel-titanium, and are suitable for orthodontic treatment to open up gaps between teeth and pull teeth in different directions.
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In 2021, Russia's palladium, nickel and aluminum exports will account for 24.6%, 21.9% and 9.9% of the global total, respectively. Russia exported 2.819 million tons of palladium, accounting for 43.37% of global Nitinol with low price fluctuation range and excellent quality, click here will be a good choice.
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